More than one million new immigrants have moved to Germany in 2012 according to the Federal Bureau of Statistics. The influx of new immigrants originates mainly from Southern and Eastern Europe. Most countries there are heavily affected by the economic recession in the European Union. From Spain, just over 9,000 have moved into Germany, a 45% increase from 2011, slightly larger than the 43% increase who came in from Greece, estimated at just over 10,000, and Portugal where more than 4,000 decided to relocate to Europe’s most successful economic power. Numerically the most significant migratory flow was from Italy, where more than 12,000 have crossed the Alps into Germany, although in percentage terms it was a lower increase of 40% from two years ago.
According to Katharina Senge, who coordinator for immigration and integration for the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung the current wave of immigration consist mostly of young and highly qualified immigrants who are better educated than the average of Germany. She thinks that this is a win-win situation not only for them and Germany but also for their countries of origin. The reason for this is that those people cannot wait for the situation in their home countries to change. They need to work and develop their professional skills immediately.
Foreign workers have been steadily becoming a larger part of the labour market in Germany, research from a micro census taken every year concluded that in 2011 that there were 1.25 million migrant workers in 2005 that grew to 1.48 million in 2011. At the same time the general population has been dwindling, according to the World Bank from 82.5 million in 2004 down to 81.7 million in 2012.
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