New research has established that the Hispanic people will become the largest population group in California during March 2014. They will make around 39% of the whole population, while the “white” population will be 38,5%. Many political commentators in the USA predicted that the growing immigration from South America will make a significant impact on the country’s immigration policy during the coming years.
Currently, California is the largest state in the US with a population of 39 million people. Around 15 million of them belong to the Hispanic community. The state has formerly belonged to Mexico and seceded by joining the United States under the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo after the Mexican-American War in 1848.
The population that has Spanish as their native language has increased dramatically during the last two decades. During 1988, it was just 26% of the total number of people. On a national level, Hispanics are the fastest-growing segment of the US electorate, accounting for 17% of the total voters. It is expected that this number will rise to 30% in 2050.
The fact that they are a significant force in US elections is illustrated by the recent victory of Barack Obama over Mitt Romney which according to many political analysts happened because Obama was able to mobilize a large number of Hispanic voters. The reason for this was that Romney supported more restrictive immigration policies, which could not appeal to the Hispanic minority.
Around 80% of the illegal immigrants in the USA are of Hispanic origin. It is believed that most US citizens of Hispanic descent know at least one illegal alien. Mr Obama promised to bring forward a pathway to citizenship for all of the illegal immigrants in the United States.
Mitt Romney on the other side promised to make the life of illegal immigrants more difficult by the so-called self-deportation policies – most of the immigrants will be given a choice to leave the country voluntarily. As a result of this, he lost the support of the Spanish-speaking community.